Stroke, which occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and a leading cause of long-term disability in adults
The best treatment for stroke is preventing one from happening in the first place.
Risk factors include:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- High cholesterol
If you smoke – quit. If you have high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol, getting them under control will greatly reduce your chances of having a stroke.
When it comes to treating a stroke, time is of the essence. If a stroke victim gets medical attention within three hours of symptom onset, they’re less likely to have long-term disability.
Many strokes can be treated with a drug called t-PA that dissolves the blood clots that obstruct blood flow to the brain. But the window of opportunity to start treating stroke patients is three hours, so in order to be evaluated and receive treatment, patients need to get to the hospital within 60 minutes.
Use the acronym FAST to remember how to spot the signs:
- Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
- Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
- Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
- Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 911 immediately.
At OhioHealth, we treat a stroke every three hours. Lean more about why OhioHealth treats more stroke patients than all other central Ohio health systems combined.